What is History For? Progress, far from consisting in change, depends on retentiveness. When change is absolute there remains no being to improve and no direction is set for possible improvement: Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it. They like to pretend that they are, and that they devote themselves to the objective and dispassionate study of statistics in order to arrive at universal and immutable truths. But that’s not true. Most of the time, they’re making it up.
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The sea and ships have been depicted in art ranging from simple drawings of dhows on the walls of huts in Lamu  to seascapes by Joseph Turner. The genre of marine art became especially important in the paintings of the Dutch Golden Age , with works showing the Dutch navy at the peak of its military prowess. His wandering voyage takes him from one strange and dangerous land to another, experiencing among other maritime hazards shipwreck, the sea-monster Scylla , the whirlpool Charybdis and the island Ogygia of the delightful nymph Calypso.
His map of the then known world was remarkably accurate but from the fourth century onwards, civilisation suffered a setback at the hands of barbarian invaders and knowledge of geography took a backward step.
RADICAL INNOCENCE: The Romantics valued innocence as something pure, wholesome, fulfilling, natural, and individualistic. They saw it as antithetical to the corrupting influence of civilized conformity and the heartless, mechanized, industrialized, materialistic society of the Enlightenment.
Although the city of Jerusalem was under relatively secure Christian control, the rest of Outremer was not. Bandits and marauding highwaymen preyed upon pilgrims, who were routinely slaughtered, sometimes by the hundreds, as they attempted to make the journey from the coastline at Jaffa into the interior of the Holy Land. King Baldwin and Patriarch Warmund agreed to the request, probably at the Council of Nablus in January , and the king granted the Templars a headquarters in a wing of the royal palace on the Temple Mount in the captured Al-Aqsa Mosque.
The Temple Mount had a mystique because it was above what was believed to be the ruins of the Temple of Solomon. The Crusaders called it the Temple of Solomon and from this location derived their name of Templar. The impoverished status of the Templars did not last long. With this formal blessing, the Templars became a favoured charity throughout Christendom , receiving money, land, businesses, and noble-born sons from families who were eager to help with the fight in the Holy Land.
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Reply In , one of the most intriguing people in history visited London; a man who was said to be over two thousand years old! Some said he was in league with the Devil, others thought he was a Himalayan yogi of the highest order; all that we know is that, according to written historical references, a Count St Germain was apparently on the European scene from to — a period of years. Unable to explain the incredible lifespan of this man, the historians either omitted him from the history books or claimed several impostors in different time periods were responsible for the myth.
But if we face the unadulterated facts about the count as they were written, they paint a very perplexing picture of a phenomenal man. Here then, is the story.
May 21, · Ce que j’ai voulu souligner avec cet article du Dr Mercola est que porter des lunettes n’est pas une fatalité et qu’on ne n.
Arthur’s last battle was fought near here. I’ve written quite a lot about prejudice, lately. This comes partly from my work on the final chapter for The Grail; Relic of an Ancient Religion, in which I analyse what makes people believe certain things – irrespective of, and often in direct contradiction of, the evidence. Because the fact is that where a lot of history is concerned, prejudice dictates what we believe.
Hence, the revelation that Arthur was Scottish or perhaps it would be more accurate to say North British is either ignored or derided by people who prefer to cling to the notion that he was, in some strange, anachronistic sort of way, essentially English. A couple of posts back, I flirted with the idea of posting a handful of facts, none of which is in any way speculative, about Arthur.
These indisputable facts point to one conclusion only – that the “King Arthur” we read about so often is a manufactured legend. The real Arthur was not a “king”. The earliest Arthur on record was northern. The Life of Columba, written by Adomnan of Iona in about , drawing on earlier accounts written by previous abbots of Iona, suggests that Artur was present when his father Aedan was ordained. St Columba predicted that this Artur would never be king but would “fall in battle, slain by enemies”.
The Life of Columba goes on to confirm that Artur did indeed die in a “battle of the Miathi”, the tribal name referring to the southern or Lowland Picts of central Scotland.
History of Amiens and Timeline of Amiens The first known settlement at this location was Samarobriva “Somme bridge” , the central settlement of the Ambiani , one of the principal tribes of Gaul. The town was given the name Ambianum by the Romans, meaning settlement of the Ambiani people. Amiens was part of Francia from the 5th century. Normans sacked the city in and again in During the 18th and 19th century, the textile tradition of Amiens became famous for its velours.
In , the provinces of France were dismantled and the territory was organised into departments.
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Now in the Naturhistorisches Museum , Vienna. An example of prehistoric art. Much surviving prehistoric art is small portable sculptures. It includes the oldest known representation of the human body, the Venus of Hohle Fel , dating from 40, , BC, found in Schelklingen , Germany. It is part of a small group of female Venus figurines found in Central Europe.
At the beginning of the Mesolithic in Europe figurative sculpture greatly reduced, and remained a less common element in art than relief decoration of practical objects until the Roman period, despite some works such as the Gundestrup cauldron from the European Iron Age and the Bronze Age Trundholm sun chariot. The oldest European cave art dates back 40, [ clarification needed ], and can be found in the El Castillo Cave in Spain, but cave art exists across the continent. Rock painting was also performed on cliff faces, but fewer of those paintings have survived because of erosion.
One well-known example is the rock paintings of Astuvansalmi in the Saimaa area of Finland. The Rock art of the Iberian Mediterranean Basin represents a very different style, with the human figure the main focus, often seen in large groups, with battles, dancing and hunting all represented, as well as other activities and details such as clothing. The figures are generally rather sketchily depicted in thin paint, with the relationships between the groups of humans and animals more carefully depicted than individual figures.
The Iberian examples are believed to date from a long period perhaps covering the Upper Paleolithic, Mesolithic and early Neolithic.
The Ninth Templar Story
Prehistory and antiquity[ edit ] Section of the Roman city wall The first inhabitants of what is now Nantes settled during the Bronze Age , later than in the surrounding regions which have Neolithic monuments absent from Nantes. Its first inhabitants were apparently attracted by small iron and tin deposits in the region’s subsoil. Ratiatum, founded under Augustus , developed more quickly than Nantes and was a major port in the region.
Apr 20, · The carbon dating, once seemingly proving it was a medieval fake, is now widely thought of as suspect and meaningless. Even the famous Atheist Richard Dawkins admits it is controversial. Christopher Ramsey, the director of the Oxford Radiocarbon Laboratory, thinks more testing is needed.
The palace has one of the oldest and most extensive collections of automata and trick fountains still in evidence and still working. It was completely enchanting and also very illuminating. Schloss Hellbrunn was built in the early 17th century, at the command of Archbishop Markus Sittikus. It was intended to be a “summer palace”–a place for the great and good of Salzburg to spend a summer afternoon, before returning to their homes in the city.
The archbishop’s guests would dine al fresco in the Roman Theater, surrounded by fountains and statues. The basin in the middle of the table keeps the wine chilled. And the table and seats have hidden water jets that would soak the guests but not the archbishop. Remember, court etiquette dictates that one cannot rise from the table unless the highest-ranking person does so first.
So the archbishop would stay dry and seated, while his guests had to master their surprise and discomfort The Royal Table in the Roman Theater. Guests could and can stroll into the palace grottoes, beginning with the Neptune Grotto. A statue of Neptune dominates the space, and the walls and ceiling are covered in a sort of marine mosaic, with tiny shells forming the tesserae.
That figure may rise a little bit over the next few weeks. Very tidy aircraft inside and out. I think there’s a Maule taking off out of a hangar on YouTube and no, the hangar wasn’t a mile long! Equipped for instrument flying including Garmin GNS with 8. Currently less than hours.
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As for jazz many people necrophiles? Here are for now what we thought you’d better know. Mail us if you need any price infos. Those who are fans of the incredible drummer Tatsuya Yoshida will be soon rewarded by a flow of releases, events and reissues, just have a look here! This Japanese duo released their first album on the French label Soleil Zeuhl and are now ready with a second opus; the band has been expanded and will see the participation of drummer Daniel Jeand’heur, known by most of you as member of the bandOne Shot, as well as Kenichi Oguchi, one of the keyboardists in the band Kenso, featured on two tracks.
Even if synth programming can’t replace a real drummer, the rhythm work is well done. This double CD documents the pre-Shub Niggurath era. After a while, the idea of merging the two combos into a big band emerged. The sound quality of the live tracks is unfortunately mediocre but the label thought that their historical importance justified their official publishing. All together the complete set includes 68 minutes of music, of which 25 are professional quality and 43 are decent bootleg sounding.
With the 12 pages booklet, the whole thing is wrapped into a double sided plastic bag. Strictly limited edition of copies! As a notable guest, Francesco Zago Yugen, Kurai is on electric guitar.
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The sea and ships have been depicted in art ranging from simple drawings of dhows on the walls of huts in Lamu  to seascapes by Joseph Turner. The genre of marine art became especially important in the paintings of the Dutch Golden Age , with works showing the Dutch navy at the peak of its military prowess.
His wandering voyage takes him from one strange and dangerous land to another, experiencing among other maritime hazards shipwreck, the sea-monster Scylla , the whirlpool Charybdis and the island Ogygia of the delightful nymph Calypso. His map of the then known world was remarkably accurate but from the fourth century onwards, civilisation suffered a setback at the hands of barbarian invaders and knowledge of geography took a backward step.
In the seventh century, Isidore of Seville produced a “wheel map” in which Asia, Africa and Europe were arranged like segments in an orange, separated by the “Mare Mediterranean”, “Nilus” and “Tanais” and surrounded by “Oceanus”. It was not until the fifteenth century that Ptolemy’s maps were used again and Henry the Navigator of Portugal initiated ocean exploration and maritime research.
Famous birthdays in history for the 5th of July. See which explorers, inventors and historical figures were born on July 5.
But we look at this story backwards, from its results. Anything other than green replicating jade or white replicating silver belonged in tombs. Shiploads of southern Chinese stoneware, mostly bowls, were sent to the Abbasid Caliphate in large re-useable ceramic jars. These jars had auspicious inscriptions, often in Arabic, scrawled along their outside. Arab potters noticed Chinese stoneware encroaching into their home market.
They responded by inventing a smooth white tin glaze for their own earthenware. A world of color beyond somber Chinese greens and whites was now possible. Cobalt blue was the first new hue, followed by many others. Then someone in Basra invented lusterware , truly replicating copper and silver. The Arabs began signing their work. They also sent it back to China, along with Mesopotamian cobalt, to try this new look on white Chinese stoneware glazes. The first Chinese blue and white was probably painted by resident Persians.
Whole mountainsides were deforested to feed the kilns.
Posted by economicdeveloper Today we really only know about a few of the most famous of Templar historic locations. At their height of wealth and power the Templar Knights held between 9, to 11, properties across all of Europe and the Holy Lands including some islands such as Cyprus in the Mediterranean. Knights Templar Holdings in Christendom Most of us may know about the top places but even that might be aggressive.
A France-wide cooperative organisation, Gites de France regroups on a voluntary basis more than 50, rural accommodations and was the first in France to offer a consistent rating system with comprehensive descriptions.
April 20, Dan Joe Marino writes: I was checking out some of the videos and stories related to the opening of the exhibition. In one video, Archbishop Nosiglia said the church is not against new testing. I think researchers have done their part in continuing research but one can only do so much with the data. If new testing did not disprove the authenticity, it could bring a lot more people to Christianity. There have been expositions in , , and the current one. A tremendous amount of time, energy and money have been spent in each of those.
It would have been nice if some of that time, energy and money could have been put in another multi-disciplinary study.
A most congenial spot Apart from the fact that no one is certain whether Arthur did exist or not, if he had been a bona-fide, genuine, historic character he would have lived in the late fourth or early fifth century Britain, between the going of the Romans and the coming of the Anglo-Saxon English. Englalond England – Angle-land as a single Kingdom under one King Athelstan did not exist until much latter – in fact!
It would have probably been a semi-derelict Roman Fort, or a re-vamped iron-age hillfort. The poem does not suggests the high importance that Camelot would have in later tales.
Meetcrunch, le réseau se construit là est. Vs mcilroy avril 1ère chaine française golf obtenu. Damour des qualités de golfeuse, 51 ans, 1, 63 m, cadre. .
Prehistory of France One of the Lascaux paintings: Early hominids led a nomadic hunter-gatherer life. At the end of the last glacial period 10, BC , the climate became milder;  from approximately 7, BC, this part of Western Europe entered the Neolithic era and its inhabitants became sedentary. After strong demographic and agricultural development between the 4th and 3rd millennia, metallurgy appeared at the end of the 3rd millennium, initially working gold , copper and bronze , and later iron.
This makes it France’s oldest city. The concept of Gaul emerged at that time; it corresponds to the territories of Celtic settlement ranging between the Rhine , the Atlantic Ocean , the Pyrenees and the Mediterranean. The borders of modern France are roughly the same as those of ancient Gaul, which was inhabited by Celtic Gauls.
Gaul was then a prosperous country, of which the southernmost part was heavily subject to Greek and Roman cultural and economic influences. The Gauls mixed with Roman settlers and eventually adopted Roman culture and Roman speech Latin , from which the French language evolved. The Roman polytheism merged with the Gallic paganism into the same syncretism. From the s to the s AD, Roman Gaul suffered a serious crisis with its fortified borders being attacked on several occasions by barbarians.
Subsequently, Christians, who had been persecuted until then, increased rapidly across the entire Roman Empire. At the end of the Antiquity period, ancient Gaul was divided into several Germanic kingdoms and a remaining Gallo-Roman territory, known as the Kingdom of Syagrius. Simultaneously, Celtic Britons , fleeing the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain , settled the western part of Armorica.